80% of Young Peoples’ Deaths Caused by Injury
According to a new report that was published in the July 2 issue of the journal The Lancet, nearly 80 percent of young people in the U.S. who die are killed by injuries. More than half of these injuries are unintentional, such as injuries sustained in car crashes, falls, or fires.
About the Early Death Study
The study was conducted by researchers who looked at all people between the ages of 1 to 30 who died in the U.S. in the year 2010.
They found that 79 percent of the deaths were from injuries, whereas 20 percent were from chronic diseases such as cancer or heart disease. They also found that 1 percent were due to infections.
Researchers also discovered that, among those who died by sustaining an injury, 60 percent were the result of unintentional injuries, 20 percent were due to suicide, and 20 percent were due to homicide.
When looking at the cause of death among people of all ages, 121,000 deaths resulted from unintentional injuries in 2010. The most common injuries they sustained were from car crashes, poisoning, falls, suffocation, and drowning. There were also 55,000 deaths relating to violence in 2010.
Researchers found that more than 31 million people experienced unintentional injury, or injury from violence, which they say can lead to physical, emotional, and financial problems.
In 2011, more than 2 million older adults were injured in falls, about 20 percent of which cause serious injuries, such as fractures and head injuries. The researchers explained that these injuries can restrict people’s ability to move and increases their risk of early death.
What Should Be Done?
The researchers argued that these injuries are preventable.
For example, laws that require young children to sit in child car seats can decrease fatal injuries from crashes by 35 percent. Laws against driving drunk can reduce deaths by 7 percent. School-based programs that focus on violence prevention can lead to a 29 percent reduction in violence among high school students.
According to the researchers, clinical medicine and public health partnerships can help to reduce the number of preventable injuries as well as spare thousands of people from the debilitating effects of injuries sustained from incidents such as a car crash, non-fatal drowning, severe burn, fall, or assault.