A study from New York University has found that nicotine from e-cigarette vapor causes lung cancer and potentially bladder cancer in mice.
CNBC reports that the NYU study, which was funded by the National Institute of Health, is the first to definitively link vaping nicotine to cancer. It follows a February study by the University of Southern California which found that e-cigarette users developed some of the same molecular changes in oral tissue that cause cancer in cigarette smokers.
Over the course of the four year study, 40 mice were exposed to the amount of e-cigarette nicotine that an e-cigarette user would be over the course of three to six years of use. 22.5% of the mice developed lung cancer and 57.5% developed precancerous lesions on the bladder. 20 other mice were exposed to e-cigarette smoke without nicotine with none developing cancer.
The study’s lead researcher, Moon-Shong Tang, said that based on the results of the study, there is a heightened need for additional research about the relationship between e-cigarette use and cancer in humans. He added that because the market is relatively young, it may be another decade before its impact on humans is thoroughly understood.
The regulatory situation related to e-cigarettes varies by jurisdiction and is rapidly changing. On May 10, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a final rule that brought e-cigarettes under the FDA’s tobacco product authority. With this, the FDA now regulates the manufacture, import, packaging, labeling, advertising, promotion, sale, and distribution of e-cigarettes.
The FDA has extended the compliance deadline until August 10, 2017.
The WHO has proposed that member states adopt stringent controls on e-cigarettes. The proposal is limited to the potential health effects of e-cigarettes, and does not include language addressing the electronic devices themselves.
American Nonsmokers Rights Foundation reports that 12 states and 615 local jurisdictions have laws restricting e-cigarette use in smoke-free venues; 15 states and 503 local jurisdictions have laws that restrict e-cigarette use in other venues.
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