In an analysis of members of Blue Cross and Blue Shield health plans, there was an increase in the amount of injury cases dealing with concussions in the children between the ages 10 and 19.
For males in this age range, the concussion rate surged from 2.9 cases per 1,000 people in the summer to 7.0 cases per 1,000 in the fall. In females of this age range, the number of cases rose from 1.9 cases per 1,000 in the summer to 3.7 cases per 1,000 in the fall.
This increased rate of concussion cases does not identify why these types of injuries surge in the fall; however, the spike in cases may correlate to the contact sports that are played during the fall season. Such high contact sports include football, soccer, and hockey.
Parents and sports administrators should be aware that though helmets, head gear, and mouth guards provide adequate protection, there is no concrete evidence at the present time that they decrease the incidents of concussions.
The rise in diagnoses may mean that sports administrators and parents are now more aware of the danger of concussions and the importance of head injuries receiving prompt treatment.
Even if a head injury is treated, parents should remain vigilant for symptoms of post-concussion syndrome. These symptoms can include dizziness or headaches and can remain present even weeks to months after an injury.
The most important take away is that sports administrators and parents need to remain vigilant and ensure concussions are treated promptly and properly by a medical professional.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, concussion can be recognized with the following symptoms (view CDC website for a full list):