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Sports Eye Safety Pt. 3: What To Do In The Event Of An Eye Injury

sports eye injury

The third part in the Sports Eye Safety Awareness Month series will be on what to do in the event of sports-related eye injuries. In the previous parts of this series how to prevent and identify eye injuries was covered, so if an eye injury does occur it is important to know what to do prior to getting them professionally treated.

What To Do When An Eye Injury Occurs

Before specific eye injuries are covered, there are a few things to keep in mind no matter what type of eye injury is identified. According to American Academy of Ophthalmology, for any eye injury:

  • Never touch, apply pressure, or rub affected eye.
  • If something is stuck in affected eye, do not remove.
  • Do not apply any type of medication to affected eye.
  • See a medical professional, such as an ophthalmologist, as soon as possible.

Additional Measures for Specific Eye Injuries

What to do for specific injuries is explained below:

Cut or puncture wound

  • Place a shield over the eye until medical attention can be received.
  • Do not flush eye with water, remove object if stuck in the eye, rub, or apply pressure to the eye.
  • Do not give any non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drug, such as ibuprofen, and they thin the blood and can increase bleeding.
  • Seek medical attention as soon as possible.

If you get a foreign particle in your eye

  • Do not rub the affected eye.
  • Instead, lift the upper eyelid and blink several times to see if particle is flushed out naturally via tears.
  • If foreign item remains, then medical attention should be sought.

If a blow to the eye occurred

  • If swelling and pain are experience, then apply a cold compress.
  • Do not apply pressure to affected eye.
  • Even a light blow to the eye can be more serious than it appears, so if a black eye occurs, if vision is impaired, or if pain is experienced, medical attention should still be sought as soon as possible.

If small debris enters the eye

  • Try to flush the eye out. This can be done using an eye wash or other source of water.
  • Do not rub the eye.
  • If debris does not come out of the eye, then bandage the eye and seek medical attention.

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