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Brain Injury Aftermath- Speech Challenges

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susan_harr6 years ago

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) can be caused by a number of factors and may lead to a variety of cognitive, sensory, motor, and emotional impairments for victims. Perhaps one of the most devastating challenges survivors face is the loss of speech. TBI victims may lose their ability to talk or have problems that can make communication more challenging. Information below provided by the National Institutes of Health and Mayo Clinic Research.


Aphasia is a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control language. There are four main types: 

  • Expressive aphasia – you know what you want to say, but you have trouble saying or writing what you mean
  • Receptive aphasia – you hear the voice or see the print, but you can't make sense of the words
  • Anomic aphasia – you have trouble using the correct word for objects, places or events
  • Global aphasia – you can't speak, understand speech, read or write


People with dysarthria have trouble making certain sounds or words. They may also have trouble pronouncing or enunciating words and controlling the rhythm or speed of their speech. Other symptoms include: 

  • sounding as though they are mumbling
  • speaking softly or in a whisper
  • speaking in a nasal or stuffy, hoarse, strained voice
  • difficulty moving the lips, tongue, or jaw

Cognitive-Communication Problems

In addition to problems with creating words and speaking, TBI victims may also experience difficulty properly expressing themselves in social situations. Cognitive issues can limit communication and cause a person to:

  • use rude or inappropriate language
  • speak rapidly and “non-stop”
  • ramble on in conversations
  • repeat the same story over and over
  • talk about unrelated topics
  • lose attention in the conversation
  • have problems understanding humor or sarcasm

Contact an Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney

Thomas J. Henry is a personal injury law firm with offices in Corpus Christi, Texas and Houston, Texas representing traumatic brain injury victims nationwide. Our priority is to provide our clients with the best legal representation. Our experienced trial attorneys are committed to defending your rights in personal injury matters including traumatic brain injuries caused by auto or truck accidents, maritime accidents, on the job injuries, defective products, or medical malpractice.


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