TBI Survivors Three Times More Likely to Die Early than General Population
Researcher have determined that people who survive a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are up to three times more likely to die early than the general population.
Details of the Traumatic Brain Injury Study
Traumatic brain injury, also called intracranial injury, occur when sudden force causes damage to the brain. This can be the result of a violent hit or collision, being struck by an object or by an object piercing the skull and entering the brain tissue.
Depending on the extent and severity of the injury, TBI can result in a variety of symptoms from headache and lightheadedness to long term loss of coordination and behavioral changes. In extreme cases, patients may experience convulsions and seizures.
In order to better understand the long term complications of TBI and how best to treat the such injuries, researcher conducted a study analyzing how TBI survivors faired in life expectancy as compared to their peers.
Researchers reviewed medical records of 218,300 TBI survivors, the record of 150,513 siblings of TBI survivors and the records of 2 million control cases which were matched by gender and age from the general population.
Findings of the Traumatic Brain Injury Study
“Current guidelines do not recommend assessments of mental health or suicide risk in TBI patients, instead focusing on short-term survival. Looking at these findings, it may make more sense to treat some TBI patients as suffering from a chronic problem requiring longer term management just like epilepsy or diabetes.” – Dr. Seena Fazel, lead investigator as published by the Science Record
Upon reviewing study data, researchers were able to determine the following:
- TBI survivors were three times more likely to suffer early death (death before the age of 56) than the general population.
- TBI survivors were 2.6 times more likely to suffer early death than unaffected siblings.
- TBI were twice as likely to die of suicide as their siblings or the control population.
- Primary causes of early death among TBI survivors are suicide and deadly injuries including car crashes and falls.
These findings have lead study leader Dr. Seena Fazel of Oxford University’s Department of Psychiatry to believe that TBI should be treated as a chronic condition like epilepsy or diabetes and patients who have suffered TBI should receive long-term treatment.
Further, Fazel states TBI patients should be monitored closely for signs of depression, substance abuse and other psychiatric disorders.
Contact an Experienced Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney
Thomas J. Henry is a personal injury law firm with offices in Corpus Christi, Texas, San Antonio, Texas and Houston, Texas representing traumatic brain injury victims nationwide. Our priority is to provide our clients with the best legal representation. Our experienced trial attorneys are committed to defending your rights in personal injury matters including traumatic brain injuries caused by auto or truck accidents, maritime accidents, on the job injuries, defective products, or medical malpractice.