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Sports Eye Safety Pt. 2: Common Injuries and How To Identify Them

The second part in the Sports Eye Safety Awareness Month series will be on the most common types of sports-related eye injuries and how to identify eye injuries. As was covered in the first part in the series, prevention is the best safety measure, but knowing common types and how to identify eye injuries are the next best steps to being prepared should the worst case scenario occur.

Most Common Types Of Sports-Related Eye Injury

Though there are a multitude of ways eye injuries can occur during a sports activity, there are relatively fewer categories these injuries fall into. According familydoctor.org, the common types can be categorized are penetrating injuries, blunt trauma, and radiation injury from the sun.

These injuries are further explained below:

Blunt Trauma

  • Occurs when the eye in hit by something.
  • It is the most common eye injury incurred during sports.
  • Can cause an orbital blog fracture, a detached retina, a bruising of the entire eye, etc.

Penetrating Injuries

  • Occur when the eye is cut by something.
  • They are not very common and can range from minor to serious cuts.
  • Some common causes are if your glasses shatter while during use, if someone’s finger scratches an eye, or if a fishing hook clips an eye.

 Radiation Injuries

  • Occur when eyes are exposed to ultraviolet light from the sun.
  • This type of eye injury occurs most common with snow and water skiing, or other water-related sports.

How To Identify An Eye Injury

When an eye injury occurs, or even a potential one, it should be examined by a professional, such as an ophthalmologist, as soon as possible as an injury can be more serious than it appears. Postponing treatment would only make the injury worse. Also, an eye injury should never be treated by someone who is not a professional.

Below is how to identify an eye injury:

  • There is obvious pain in affected area.
  • The person with potential injury has trouble seeing.
  • If one eye has reduced movement compared to the other eye.
  • If one eye is distorted, such as swollen, compared to the other eye.
  • If blood in evident in a part of the eye.
  • If there is something stuck in the eye, or under the eyelid, that cannot be removed.

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