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Many hypertension and cholesterol medications are available to people suffering from heart-related conditions. A vast array of medications exist to control high blood pressure, including ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) such as Benicar (olmesartan) and valsartan.
Unfortunately, ACE inhibitors and statins come with their risks. Severe side effects can occur when taking blood pressure and cholesterol-lowering drugs.
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Hypertension & High Cholesterol
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs when the force of blood against your artery walls is high enough to cause severe health problems, such as heart attack and stroke. Sometimes symptoms of high blood pressure do not become apparent for years as it damages your heart and blood vessels. Sometimes symptoms never become apparent, even after a doctor reveals a high reading.
High cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia, occurs when the fatty deposits develop in your blood vessels, increasing the likelihood of developing atherosclerosis, a heart attack, or stroke. Poor diet, smoking, diabetes, and obesity are risk factors for high cholesterol. Many drugs are available to lower cholesterol levels, such as statins. Statins, such as Crestor and Zocor, block an enzyme that plays a role in cholesterol production.
Common Side Effects of Hypertension and High Cholesterol Drugs
Hypertension medications may cause the following side effects:
- Skin rash
- Unexpected weight gain or loss
Cholesterol medications, such as statins, may cause the following side effects:
- Difficulty sleeping
- Skin flushing
- Muscle aches or weakness
- Bloating or gas
- Abdominal pain or cramps