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Child Eye Injuries


The number of eye injuries is growing throughout children of all ages due to contact lenses, eyeglasses, and eye protection devices. In a recent study by the American Academy of Pediatrics, contact lenses accounted for most emergency department visits where a medical device was associated. In fact, there were over 45,000 children throughout a period of 24 months who went to the emergency room because of an eye-related injury.

Some injuries to the eye can be long-lasting for a child, causing permanent vision loss or blindness. If your child received an eye injury due to someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to recover damages. Ophthalmic procedures can be financially costly and painful — physically and emotionally — for a young child. Thomas J. Henry has over two decades of experience representing injured children in Texas and across the United States. Our experienced personal injury lawyers help injured clients achieve the verdict, settlement, or judgment they deserve for their injuries.


Eye injuries come in many different forms with varying levels of severity. Here are seven of the most common eye injuries:

  1. Corneal abrasions (scratched eye): Corneal abrasions is a scratch along the surface of they eyeball. Corneal abrasions generally caused by a foreign body poking or brushing against the eye or by rubbing the eye when foreign matter, such as dust or sand, is present under the eye lid or a contact lens.
  2. Penetrating eye injuries: Penetrating injuries occur when a sharp, foreign object penetrates the surface of the eye. Penetrating injuries can be exacerbated by rubbing or attempting to remove the object.
  3. Caustic substance in the eye: Getting splashed or sprayed with a caustic substance can cause significant chemical burns and long-term injury to the eye. Depending on the chemical involved, the symptoms and best-course of action can vary. Most commonly:
    • Acid: Acids causes considerable redness, burning, and irritation. Fortunately, acids are easily flushed out with water.
    • Alkali: Alkali (basic) chemicals do not cause immediate redness or eye pain and may be more difficult to flush out the eye. Common examples of alkali substances are toilet cleaners, oven cleaners, and chalk dust.
  4. Blunt trauma (swelling): Swelling and puffy eyelids often the result of a striking injury or blunt trauma. Treatment for this type of eye injury is generally consists of an ice pack to reduce swelling; however, it is best to see an eye doctor to ensure there is no internal damage.
  5. Subconjunctival hemorrhage: A subconjuctival hemorrhage is the leaking of blood from a break in that blood vessel that lies between the white of the eye and its clear covering. While painless, they can cause temporary or permanent vision loss.
  6. Traumatic iritis: Traumatic iritis is inflammation of the iris (the colored part of the eyes around the pupil). The inflammation can be caused by a blunt or poking injury and usually requires medical attention. Even after treatment, individuals may suffer permanent vision loss.
  7. Orbital fractures: Orbital fractures are breaks and cracks in the facial bones surrounding the eye. Blows that result in orbital fractures frequently result in hyphemas, bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye. These injuries are considered medical emergencies and should be treated by a physician immediately.


The National Society to Prevent Blindness states that about one-third of eye loss in children younger than the age of 10 is from injury to the eye. Some of these injuries occur from chemicals, toys, fingernails, contact lenses, BB guns, and athletic activities such as hockey, archery, darts, boxing, and other sports-related activities.

According to Prevent Blindness America, the most common causes of eye injuries to children include:

  • Misuse of toys
  • Falls from beds, against furniture, on stairs, and when playing with toys
  • Misuse of everyday tools and objects (work and garden tools, knives and forks, pens and pencils)
  • Contact with harmful household products (detergents, paints, glues, etc.)
  • Automobile accidents


  • Children should wear eye protection made of polycarbonate when playing contacts sports, paintball, or tennis.
  • Chemicals and sprays should be kept out of reach of small children.
  • Parents and guardians should supervise children when they are using items that can cause eye injuries. This includes scissors, pencils, rubber bands, hangers, etc.
  • Only purchase age appropriate toys. Also look for toys marked with “ASTM” as these toys meet American Society for Testing and Materials’ national safety standards.
  • Do not allow children to play with dangerous products like fireworks, BB guns, pellet guns, or non-powder rifles.


If your child suffered from a severe eye injury due to the negligence of an individual or company, contact Thomas J. Henry. Our team of experienced child injury lawyers will take immediate action on your case. We are available 24/7, nights and weekends to evaluate your claim and provide you with a free case review. Don’t wait — call us today.



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